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About Australia


About Australia

History of Australia

The history of Australia is characterised by a rich tapestry of indigenous cultures that stretches back over 65,000 years. Various Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander groups with distinct languages, cultures, and traditions initially inhabited the continent. European exploration and colonisation began in the 17th century when Dutch and later British navigators arrived on the Australian shores. Captain James Cook’s 1770 voyage marked the British’s formal claim of the eastern coast.

In 1788, the First Fleet, led by Captain Arthur Phillip, established the first European settlement at Sydney Cove, initiating the colonisation of Australia. The arrival of British convicts formed the basis of the early population and the establishment of additional colonies in the following decades. The 19th century saw significant exploration, expansion, and conflicts with the indigenous populations.

The discovery of gold in the mid-19th century spurred economic growth and immigration, establishing a more diverse society. The six colonies started to federate, and the Commonwealth of Australia was formally established as an independent dominion inside the British Empire in 1901.

Australia’s involvement in both World Wars strengthened its national identity. After World War II, the country experienced a period of post-war migration, welcoming people from various parts of the world. Indigenous rights movements gained momentum in the latter half of the 20th century, leading to significant legal and societal changes.

Australia became a prosperous and multicultural nation in the latter part of the 20th century, shedding its colonial ties and embracing a unique identity. Indigenous reconciliation efforts continued to unfold, acknowledging the historical injustices faced by the First Nations peoples. Today, Australia stands as a modern, democratic nation with a diverse population, celebrating its indigenous heritage while being an active participant in the global community.


The Australian lifestyle is woven with elements of outdoor adventure, a love for sports, and a relaxed attitude that reflects the country’s diverse and multicultural essence. Beach gatherings and barbecues capture the laid-back coastal ambience. Australians value work-life balance with flexible arrangements, and the café culture is an important aspect of the country’s social makeup. Although Australia is a diverse and multicultural country, the community is closely knit and has a brotherly, friendly attitude. Australians also …….Read more


Australia has an excellent educational system that attracts students from all around the world. For both domestic and foreign students, Australia’s top-tier universities, innovative teaching methodologies, and commitment to diversity and inclusion enhance the depth of information available at Australian universities, making their education comprehensive and fulfilling. The Australian …….Read more

Job Opportunities

Known for its high quality of life, excellent healthcare system, and multicultural environment, Australia offers various employment prospects across multiple industries. The job market is dynamic and resilient, consistently adapting to global economic trends. Australia has a stable and robust economy and has shown consistent growth…… Read more

Healthcare & Medical Systems

Australia’s health and medical systems are globally renowned for their effectiveness, accessibility, and commitment to providing high-quality care to its residents. The nation’s healthcare framework is founded on universality, equity, and a patient-centred approach. The system combines public and private elements, ensuring comprehensive coverage and a range of services for all Australians. Medicare provides basic medical services, while private health …..Read more

Hospitality & Tourism

Australia’s hospitality and tourism industry welcomes millions of visitors annually. From the iconic Sydney Opera House and the Great Barrier Reef to the vast Outback and unique wildlife, Australia offers diverse experiences for every type of traveller. The country offers various natural wonders, cosmopolitan cities, and wildlife experiences for nature lovers and enthusiasts. There are also a few travel essentials and……Read more

Entertainment Industry

Australia’s Entertainment Industry is a vibrant mosaic, seamlessly blending various sectors that engage audiences locally and internationally. Australia’s entertainment panorama embodies creativity, innovation, and a joyful celebration of cultural differences. Beyond its role in providing entertainment, this multi-faceted industry is a crucial player in shaping Australia’s national ….Read more

Resources & Infrastructure

Nestled between the vast expanse of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, Australia is renowned for its breathtaking landscapes and abundant natural resources. The country’s rich resources and robust infrastructure have been a cornerstone of its economic prowess. From the vast mining operations that unearth precious minerals to the sophisticated …..Read more

Australia’s Facts & Figures
Coat of Arms
Official Name Commonwealth of Australia
Capital Canberra
National Language English
  • Australian
  • Aussie (colloquial)
Location Southern Hemisphere
Latitudes : 9.2 degrees south and 39.1 degrees
Longitudes : 113.1 degrees east and 153.6 degrees east.
  • Total
    7,692,024 sq. km
    (2,969,907 sq mi) (6th)
  • Water (%)
    1.79 sq. km (2015)
Population 2024 estimate
Government Federation of parliamentary governments under a constitutional monarchy
Legislature Parliament
  • Upper House
  • Lower House
    House of Representatives
Legal System Common Law
GDP (PPP) 2023 estimate
  • Total
    Increase $1.719 trillion (20th)
  • Per capita
    Increase $ 64,674 (23rd)
GDP (nominal) 2023 estimate
  • Total
    Increase $1.688 trillion (14th)
  • Per capita
    Increase $63,487 (10th)
Currency Australian dollar ($) (AUD)
Climate Arid, Tropical, and Temperate
Time Zone +8,+9:30,+10 GMT
Date Format dd/mm/yyyy
Driving Side Left
Calling Code +61
ISO 3166 Code AU
Internet TLD .au

Source : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australia