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Australia, sometimes known as the Land Down Under, is a large and varied country in the southern hemisphere, including Tasmania, many smaller islands, and the Australian continent. Australia is the sixth-largest country globally, with a total area of approximately 7.7 million square kilometres. Its landscape is incredibly varied, featuring deserts, rainforests, mountains, and coastal regions.

Canberra is the capital, while major cities such as Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide contribute to the country’s dynamic urban life. Boasting a population of around 25 million, Australia is home to a diverse mix of indigenous Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, as well as immigrants from various parts of the world.

The nation operates under a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy, and its economy is highly developed, relying on natural resources, mining, agriculture, services, and tourism. Culturally rich, Australia draws from its indigenous roots, British colonial history, and multicultural society. The country is known for its unique biodiversity, with a wealth of flora and fauna, including the iconic Great Barrier Reef.

Australia’s climate varies, ranging from tropical in the north to temperate in the south, with arid conditions in the interior. Renowned for its sporting culture, natural landmarks, and high standard of living, Australia is a prominent player on the global stage, attracting tourists, students, and immigrants alike. The country’s education system is well-regarded and boasts a robust healthcare system, contributing to its overall quality of life.